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Hier Sinn, was die meisten Spieler Finale Dortmund Wolfsburg Wunderino Casino. - Kommentiere das Browsergame Chicago 1920Chicago ist ein Mafia Browsergame das zu dem Genre der Strategiespiele gehört. Michigan Ave, Chicago, ’s The Ravinia Festival – 3 Decades of Program Covers (and other related graphics) Ravinia Festival entrance Highland Park, Illinois. Events – timeline s. – Chicago became incorporated as a city.; s. – Chicago had a population of 80, people, but the city had no police force, only nine "watch marshals". Soldier Field was the scene of the world championship games when Chicago hosted the Amateur Softball iflreview.comgh billiards was considered to be a popular commercial sport for blue-collar workers, the number of licensed billiard parlors diminished from 2, () to () due to the Great Depression. During the s, s, and s, there was a slow growth in the planning role of municipal governments in many large American cities, including Chicago. Cartographic materials of various sorts were one of the byproducts of this growth. Coverage spans but no directories are available for , , and The introduction to Polk's Chicago Directory provides a brief history of Chicago directories and a list of published volumes.
Ward 12 Enumeration District Descriptions. Ward 13 Enumeration District Descriptions. Ward 14 Enumeration District Descriptions.
Ward 15 Enumeration District Descriptions. Ward 16 Enumeration District Descriptions. Ward 17 Enumeration District Descriptions.
Ward 18 Enumeration District Descriptions. Ward 19 Enumeration District Descriptions. Ward 20 Enumeration District Descriptions.
Ward 21 Enumeration District Descriptions. Subdivided and occupied land in the vicinity of Chicago. Map of the Sanitary District of Chicago showing dilution system and sewage treatment projects.
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Urban renewal--Illinois--Chicago--Maps. Vacant land suitable for residential development, December Discuss June Chicago Tribune. April 6, Sifakis, Carl, The Mafia Encyclopedia , 2nd ed.
McDonald, "The Gambler King of Clark Street," kept numerous Democratic machine politicians on expense account to protect his gambling empire and keep the goo-goo reformers at bay.
In large cities, illegal businesses like gambling and prostitution were typically contained in the geographically segregated red light districts.
The business owners made regularly scheduled payments to police and politicians, which they treated as a licensing expense. The informal rates became standardized.
Reform elements never accepted the segregated vice districts and wanted them all destroyed, but in large cities, the political machine was powerful enough to keep the reformers at bay.
Finally, around —, the reformers grew politically strong enough to shut down the system of vice segregation and the survivors went underground. Chicago's manufacturing and retail sectors, fostered by the expansion of railroads throughout the upper Midwest and East, grew rapidly and came to dominate the Midwest and greatly influence the nation's economy.
Chicago became the world's largest rail hub, and one of its busiest ports by shipping traffic on the Great Lakes. Commodity resources, such as lumber, iron and coal, were brought to Chicago and Ohio for processing, with products shipped both East and West to support new growth.
Lake Michigan — the primary source of fresh water for the city — became polluted from the rapidly growing industries in and around Chicago; a new way of procuring clean water was needed.
He envisioned a deep waterway that would dilute and divert the city's sewage by funneling water from Lake Michigan into a canal, which would drain into the Mississippi River via the Illinois River.
Beyond presenting a solution for Chicago's sewage problem, Cooley's proposal appealed to the economic need to link the Midwest with America's central waterways to compete with East Coast shipping and railroad industries.
Strong regional support for the project led the Illinois legislature to circumvent the federal government and complete the canal with state funding.
The opening in January met with controversy and a lawsuit against Chicago's appropriation of water from Lake Michigan. By the s the lawsuit was divided between the states of the Mississippi River Valley, who supported the development of deep waterways linking the Great Lakes with the Mississippi, and the Great Lakes states, which feared sinking water levels might harm shipping in the lakes.
In the U. Supreme Court ruled in support of Chicago's use of the canal to promote commerce, but ordered the city to discontinue its use for sewage disposal.
New construction boomed in the s, with notable landmarks such as the Merchandise Mart and art deco Chicago Board of Trade Building completed in The Century of Progress International Exposition was the name of the World's Fair held on the Near South Side lakefront from to to celebrate the city's centennial.
More than 40 million people visited the fair, which symbolized for many hope for Chicago and the nation, then in the midst of the Great Depression.
During the election of April 23, , the voters of Chicago chose to operate under the Illinois Cities and Villages Act of Chicago still operates under this act, in lieu of a charter.
Lateth-century big city newspapers such as the Chicago Daily News - founded in by Melville Stone - ushered in an era of news reporting that was, unlike earlier periods, in tune with the particulars of community life in specific cities.
Vigorous competition between older and newer-style city papers soon broke out, centered on civic activism and sensationalist reporting of urban political issues and the numerous problems associated with rapid urban growth.
Competition was especially fierce between the Chicago Times Democratic , the Chicago Tribune Republican , and the Daily News independent , with the latter becoming the city's most popular paper by the s.
The city adopted the nickname as its own. Polarized attitudes of labor and business in Chicago prompted a strike by workers' lobbying for an eight-hour work day , later named the Haymarket affair.
A peaceful demonstration on May 4, , at Haymarket near the west side was interrupted by a bomb thrown at police; seven police officers were killed.
Widespread violence broke out. A group of anarchists were tried for inciting the riot and convicted. Several were hanged and others were pardoned.
The episode was a watershed moment in the labor movement , and its history was commemorated in the annual May Day celebrations.
By , Progressive Era political and legal reformers initiated far-ranging changes in the American criminal justice system, with Chicago taking the lead.
The city became notorious worldwide for its rate of murders in the early 20th century, yet the courts failed to convict the killers.
More than three-fourths of cases were not closed. Even when the police made arrests in cases where killers' identities were known, jurors typically exonerated or acquitted them.
A blend of gender-, race-, and class-based notions of justice trumped the rule of law, producing low homicide conviction rates during a period of soaring violence.
During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, rates of domestic murder tripled in Chicago. Domestic homicide was often a manifestation of strains in gender relations induced by urban and industrial change.
At the core of such family murders were male attempts to preserve masculine authority. Yet, there were nuances in the motives for the murder of family members, and study of the patterns of domestic homicide among different ethnic groups reveals basic cultural differences.
German male immigrants tended to murder over declining status and the failure to achieve economic prosperity.
In addition, they were likely to kill all members of the family, and then commit suicide in the ultimate attempt at maintaining control.
Italian men killed family members to save a gender-based ideal of respectability that entailed patriarchal control over women and family reputation.
African American men, like the Germans, often murdered in response to economic conditions but not over desperation about the future.
Like the Italians, the killers tended to be young, but family honor was not usually at stake. Instead, black men murdered to regain control of wives and lovers who resisted their patriarchal "rights".
Progressive reformers in the business community created the Chicago Crime Commission CCC in after an investigation into a robbery at a factory showed the city's criminal justice system was deficient.
The CCC initially served as a watchdog of the justice system. After its suggestion that the city's justice system begin collecting criminal records was rejected, the CCC assumed a more active role in fighting crime.
The commission's role expanded further after Frank J. Loesch became president in Loesch recognized the need to eliminate the glamor that Chicago's media typically attributed to criminals.
Determined to expose the violence of the crime world, Loesch drafted a list of "public enemies"; among them was Al Capone , whom he made a scapegoat for widespread social problems.
After the passage of Prohibition , the s brought international notoriety to Chicago. Bootleggers and smugglers bringing in liquor from Canada formed powerful gangs.
They competed with each other for lucrative profits, and to evade the police, to bring liquor to speakeasies and private clients. The most notorious was Al Capone.
From to , migrations swelled, attracting to the city of mostly unskilled Catholic and Jewish immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe, including Italians, Greeks, Czechs, Poles, Lithuanians, Ukrainians, Hungarians, and Slovaks.
World War I cut off immigration from Europe, which brought hundreds of thousands of southern blacks and whites into Northern cities to fill in the labor shortages.
The heavy annual turnover of ethnic populations ended, and the groups stabilized, each favoring specific neighborhoods. While whites from rural areas arrived and generally settled in the suburban parts of the city, large numbers of blacks from the South arrived as well.
Although restricted by segregation and competing ethnic groups such as the Irish, gradually continued black migration caused this community to expand, as well as the black neighborhoods on the near West Side.
These were de facto segregated areas few blacks were tolerated in ethnic white neighborhoods ; the Irish and ethnic groups who had been longer in the city began to move to outer areas and the suburbs.
After World War II, the city built public housing for working-class families to upgrade residential quality. The high-rise design of such public housing proved a problem when industrial jobs left the city and poor families became concentrated in the facilities.
After , public housing high rises anchored poor black neighborhoods south and west of the Loop. In the s, high-rise luxury apartments were constructed along the lakefront north of the Loop, continuing into the 21st century.
They attracted wealthy residents but few families with children, as wealthier families moved to suburbs for the schools. There were problems in the public school system; mostly Catholic students attended schools in the large parochial system, which was of middling quality.
The northern and western suburbs developed some of the best public schools in the nation, which were strongly supported by their wealthier residents.
The suburban trend accelerated after , with the construction of highways and train lines that made commuting easier.
Middle-class Chicagoans headed to the outlying areas of the city, and then into the Cook County and Dupage County suburbs.
As ethnic Jews and Irish rose in economic class, they left the city and headed north. Well-educated migrants from around the country moved to the far suburbs.
Chicago's Polonia sustained diverse political cultures in the early twentieth century, each with its own newspaper.
The decision to subscribe to a particular paper reaffirmed a particular ideology or institutional network based on ethnicity and class, which lent itself to different alliances and different strategies.
With new populations competing for limited housing and jobs, especially on the South Side, social tensions rose in the city.
Postwar years were more difficult. Black veterans looked for more respect for having served their nation, and some whites resented it.
In , the Chicago race riot erupted, in what became known as "Red Summer", when other major cities also suffered mass racial violence based in competition for jobs and housing as the country tried to absorb veterans in the postwar years.
During the riot, thirty-eight people died 23 black and 15 white and over five hundred were injured. Much of the violence against blacks in Chicago was led by members of ethnic Irish athletic clubs, who had much political power in the city and defended their "territory" against African Americans.
As was typical in these occurrences, more blacks than whites died in the violence. Concentrating the family resources to achieve home ownership was a common strategy in the ethnic European neighborhoods.
It meant sacrificing current consumption, and pulling children out of school as soon as they could earn a wage.